Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[3] Additional frequently, pajamas may consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.[7][eight]

The worldwide use of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good numerous others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."[10]


Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix fabricated from soft material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): pidzame a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may pidžame additionally be footed.

Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown prime about shorts or shorter pidžame trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may well now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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